50 Words Associated With Nutrition

Nutrition is an important aspect of health and well-being, and the foods we eat play a crucial role in how we feel and function. From the nutrients and vitamins found in different types of foods to the role of proper nutrition in maintaining a healthy weight, there are many words associated with nutrition that help us understand and prioritize this aspect of our lives.

This list of 50 words will give you a greater appreciation for the role that nutrition plays in supporting good health and well-being.

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Amino acid
Essential fatty acid
Monounsaturated fat
Polyunsaturated fat
Saturated fat
Trans fat
Whole grain
Refined grain
Fermented food
Processed food
Flavor enhancer

50 Words Associated With Nutrition Meanings

Diet: Refers to the food and drink an individual habitually consumes. A balanced diet is critical for good health and wellbeing.

Nutrition: The process by which organisms take in and utilize food material for growth, repair, and maintenance of life. It involves the study of nutrients in food, how the body uses nutrients, and the relationship between diet, health, and disease.

Nourishment: The food necessary for growth, health, and good condition. It’s not just about eating, but eating well and providing your body with the nutrients it needs.

Fuel: In the context of nutrition, fuel often refers to the food and drink consumed to provide energy for physical activity and all bodily functions.

Vitamin: Essential nutrients that your body needs in small amounts to work properly. Most vitamins need to come from food because the body either does not produce them or produces very little.

Mineral: Inorganic substances found in foods that are essential for health. Examples include calcium, potassium, and iron.

Protein: A macronutrient that is essential to building muscle mass. It’s commonly found in animal products, though some plants also contain it.

Carbohydrate: One of the main types of nutrients. Carbohydrates are important for a healthy body, and they come in two main types: simple (such as sugar) and complex (such as fiber and starch).

Fat: A group of compounds that are a major source of energy in the diet. Fats can be categorized as saturated, unsaturated, and trans fats. They are essential for the body but can be harmful in excess.

Fiber: A type of carbohydrate that the body can’t digest. It helps regulate the body’s use of sugars, helping to keep hunger and blood sugar in check.

Calorie: A unit of energy. In nutrition, calories refer to the energy people get from the food and drink they consume, and the energy they use in physical activity.

Cholesterol: A type of fat (lipid) in the blood. While high levels, particularly of ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol, can lead to heart disease, some cholesterol is needed for body functions such as making hormones and vitamin D.

Omega-3: A type of fatty acid that’s essential for human health. These fats are found in various foods, including fish and flaxseed, and are believed to have a range of health benefits.

Antioxidant: Substances that can prevent or slow damage to cells caused by free radicals, unstable molecules that the body produces as a reaction to environmental and other pressures.

Flavanoid: A diverse group of plant chemicals found in almost all fruits and vegetables that are part of a healthy diet. They’re powerful antioxidants with anti-inflammatory and immune system benefits.

Polyphenol: A type of antioxidant found in certain foods and beverages, including green tea, coffee, berries, and olives. Polyphenols may improve digestion, weight management, diabetes, neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases.

Enzyme: Proteins that act as biological catalysts in the body. They speed up chemical reactions in the body’s cells, playing a crucial role in digestion, metabolism, and many other bodily processes.

Probiotic: Live bacteria and yeasts that are beneficial for health, especially the digestive system. They help keep the gut healthy and can be found in foods like yogurt or taken as dietary supplements.

Prebiotic: Non-digestible food components that promote the growth of beneficial microbes in the intestines. They essentially act as food for probiotics.

Macronutrient: Nutrients that the body needs in large amounts to function properly, including proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

Micronutrient: Nutrients required in smaller quantities, but still essential for body function. These include vitamins and minerals.

Water: Essential for life, water makes up about 60% of body weight. It’s involved in many bodily functions, including digestion, absorption, circulation, creation of saliva, transportation of nutrients, and maintenance of body temperature.

Electrolyte: Minerals in your body that have an electric charge. They are in your blood, urine, tissues, and other body fluids. Electrolytes help balance the amount of water in your body, balance your body’s pH level, move nutrients into your cells, and move wastes out of your cells.

Amino acid: Organic compounds that combine to form proteins. They are essential for various vital functions of the body.

Essential fatty acid: Fats that the body can’t produce itself, so they must be obtained through diet. These include omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

Omega-6: A type of polyunsaturated fatty acid that’s essential for human health, primarily found in plant oils, nuts, and seeds. While necessary, they must be balanced with omega-3 fats in the diet to prevent inflammation.

Monounsaturated fat: A type of dietary fat found in olive oil, avocados, and certain nuts. It is considered a healthy fat because it can improve cholesterol levels, decrease heart disease risk, and benefit insulin levels and blood sugar control.

Polyunsaturated fat: A type of dietary fat found in fatty fish, walnuts, and flaxseeds. This type of fat is associated with heart health and includes omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

Saturated fat: A type of dietary fat that can raise total cholesterol levels, increasing the risk of heart disease. It’s found in many foods, including meat and dairy products, as well as in tropical oils, like coconut oil.

Trans fat: A type of dietary fat that’s been shown to raise your bad (LDL) cholesterol levels and lower your good (HDL) cholesterol levels. Consuming trans fats increases your risk of developing heart disease and stroke.

Whole grain: Grain that contains all parts of the kernel, the bran, germ, and endosperm. Foods made from these grains are rich in fiber, helping to lower the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

Refined grain: Grains that have had the bran and germ removed, leaving only the endosperm. While they can be enriched with vitamins and minerals, they have less fiber than whole grains.

Legume: A family of plants or the fruit or seed of such a plant, which includes beans, peas, lentils, peanuts, and others. They’re a good source of protein, fiber, B vitamins, iron, zinc, and other nutrients.

Bean: A type of seed belonging to the legume family that’s a rich source of protein, fiber, and vitamins.

Vegetable: Any edible plant or part of a plant, but usually refers to those which are eaten as part of a savory meal. They are important sources of many nutrients, including dietary fiber, potassium, and vitamins A and C.

Fruit: The mature ovary of a flowering plant, usually containing seeds, that’s typically sweet or sour and can be eaten in its raw state. Fruits are high in fiber, water, vitamin C, and various beneficial compounds.

Nuts: A type of fruit composed of a hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible. In a culinary context, a wide variety of dried seeds are often called nuts, but in a botanical context, only ones that include the indehiscent fruit are considered true nuts.

Seeds: Small embryonic plants enclosed in a covering called the seed coat, usually with some stored food. They are the product of the ripened ovule of gymnosperm and angiosperm plants which occur in a vast variety of forms.

Dairy: Food made from or containing the milk of mammals. Dairy products are often high in protein and calcium.

Egg: An organic vessel where an embryo first begins to develop. In the context of nutrition, the term ‘egg’ usually refers to bird eggs, which are high in protein, vitamins, and minerals.

Meat: Animal flesh that’s eaten as food. It is often high in protein and various vitamins and minerals, but the nutritional content can vary by the type of meat.

Poultry: A category of domesticated birds kept by humans for the purpose of collecting their eggs, or killing for their meat and/or feathers. These birds are most typically members of the superorder Galloanserae (fowl), especially the order Galliformes and the family Anatidae.

Fish: Aquatic animals that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and are known to have several health benefits. However, they can also contain harmful levels of environmental pollutants, such as mercury.

Shellfish: An aquatic shelled mollusk (e.g. an oyster or cockle) or crustacean (e.g. a crab or shrimp), especially one that is edible.

Fermented food: Foods and beverages that have undergone controlled microbial growth and fermentation. They are often more nutritious than their non-fermented counterparts.

Processed food: Refers to any food that has been altered in some way during preparation. Processing can include methods like canning, freezing, refrigeration, dehydration, and aseptic processing. Some processed foods can be high in salt, sugar, or fat.

Preservative: These are substances added to foods and beverages to prevent or slow down spoilage due to bacteria, molds, fungus, or yeast. Examples include nitrates or nitrites, benzoates, and sulfites. While they can extend shelf life, some have raised health concerns.

Additive: Any substance added to food to enhance its quality and preserve flavor. Additives are used for various purposes like improving taste, enhancing color, or to increase shelf life. Some food additives are derived from natural sources, while others are synthetic.

Sweetener: Any substance used to impart a sweet taste to foods or beverages. Sweeteners can be natural (like sugar or honey) or artificial (such as aspartame or sucralose). Some sweeteners, particularly sugar and high-fructose corn syrup, are linked with health issues when consumed in excess.

Flavor enhancer: These are substances added to foods and drinks to improve their taste or smell. One common flavor enhancer is monosodium glutamate (MSG), which enhances the savory, meaty umami flavor of food.

Colorant: Also known as food dye or food coloring, these are substances, pigments, or dyes added to food or drink to change its color or to make it more visually appealing. They can be natural (like beet juice) or artificial (like FD&C Red No. 40). Some artificial colorants have been linked with health issues, leading to calls for natural alternatives.

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